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PROSECCO TYPES

 

The Prosecco types are essentially three: SPARKLING (Spumante)SEMI-SPARKILING (Frizzante) and STILL VERSION (Tranquillo), depending on the perlage. Anyway, Prosecco is immediately recognizable thanks to its pale straw colour, its distinctive fruity and floral nose and  its freshness.

 

  • The SPARKLING VERSION has a fine long-lasting perlage and it is the iconic one for the denomination. Depending on the residual sugar contained in the wine, it can be:
  • BRUT when the residual sugar content is less than 12 g/l.
  • EXTRA DRY when the sugar content varies between 12 and 17 g/l.
  • DRY when the sugar content is between 17 and 32 g/l.
  • DEMI-SEC when the sugar content varies between 32 and 50 g/l.

 

  • The SEMI-SPARKLING has a light and less lingering perlage.
  • The STILL PROSECCO is a still wine (with no perlage). 

For the production of Prosecco DOC and DOCG is using a particular grape named Glera, which has hazel-coloured shoots and fairly large, elongated, loosely-packed bunches and handsome golden yellow berries. In  2009, in order to protect the origin of Prosecco and prevent the counterfeit, the Glera became synonymous of Prosecco grapes and the Prosecco produced in the Conegliano Valdobbiadene zone became D.O.C.G. wine (Wine of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin).

 

The wine is produced from a minimum of 85% of grapes of the Glera variety and a maximum of 15% of Verdiso, Bianchetta, Perera, Glera Lunga grapes, Chardonnay and Pinot.

 

 

PROSECCO DOC

 

The Prosecco is a wine with Controlled Designation of Origin status (D.M. 17 luglio 2009). The Prosecco DOC production area is located in northeast Italy, more precisely in the territories of 5 Veneto provinces (Treviso, Venice, Vicenza, Padua, Belluno) and 4 provinces in Friuli Venezia Giulia (Gorizia, Pordenone, Trieste and Udine), one of the most stunning areas in the Italian peninsula. The grapevine is cultivate in an area characterize by particular climate conditions: a mild climate,  the necessary rainfall which helps the vines grow properly and an alluvial soil with an abundance of minerals and microelements.

The Prosecco DOC, depending on production area, can be divide in:

  • DOC Veneto: when the grapes are harvested and the wine produced and bottled exclusively in Veneto region;
  • DOC Marca Trevigiana: when the grapes are harvested and the wine produced and bottled exclusively in Treviso province;
  • DOC Colli Trevigiani: when the grapes are harvested and the wine produced and bottled exclusively in foothills of Treviso

 

 

PROSECCO SUPERIORE DOCG OF CONEGLIANO VALDOBBIADENE

 

The Prosecco DOC is cultivated and produced in the 15 municipalities in the hills between Conegliano and Valdobbiadene. In 2009 Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosecco Superiore obtained the “G” that stands for Guaranteed quality in every single bottle.

Grapes grown between 50 and 500 meters above sea level, on the south-facing slopes of a strip of hills.

The disciplinary of DOCG provide:

The territory as guarantee of Superiority: the name “Conegliano Valdobbiadene”, which can be used on the label on its own

i vini riportano sull'etichetta il nome della Denominazione “Conegliano Valdobbiadene”.

  • The production area: it has to be the area limited in the 15 municipalities in the hills between Conegliano and Valdobbiadene.
  • The grapes: The wine is produced from a minimum of 85% of grapes of the Glera variety and a maximum of 15% of Verdiso, Bianchetta, Perera, Glera Lunga grapes.
  • The production: is 135 quintals/hectar.
  • The introduction of “Rive”: using only for the production of Spumante. On the label, is indicated the name of the grapes’ origin in order to valorize the single place of production.

 

PROSECCO DOCG OF VALDOBBIADENE SUPERIORE OF CARTIZZE

 

The production area of Cartizze comprises a small area of 107 hectares of vines in the steepest hills of San Pietro di Barbozza, Santo Stefano and Saccol, in Valdobbiadene district.

Cartizze territory has four main characteristics:

  1. The soil: moraines, sandstones and clays, which allow for rapid drainage of rainfall and, at the same time, a constant water supply, thus permitting the vines to develop in a well-balanced manner.
  2. The geographic exposition: the geographic zone exposed to the south benefits from a mild climate.The sun, steady throughout the course of the whole day, guarantees the grapes ripen fully and the unique colour.
  3. The climate: mild, thanks to the hills that protecting the area from the cold winds blowing from the mountains down towards the plain.
  4. The protection of the area: the uniqueness comes from the wine’s rarity. Cartizze is a small pentagon-shaped patch of land, barely 100 hectares in size.

AREE DEL PROSECCO